Kinnaur culture

Kinnaur culture


Himachal is a deeply rich cultural state and with different districts there is diversity in cultures in the state. People have vastly different takes on their living habits and traditions. One of the district of Himachal Kinnaur has rich heritage of culture from ancient times and still continuing the legacy to this age. People to this day carry most of the old traditions and this providing a look into the ancient times of Kinnaur and overall region. On the lap of beautiful himalyas and mountain region, we have small huts shaped houses contributing to the small hamlets.


The cultural diversity of Kinnaur can be classified into three terrestrial  regions:

Lower Kinnaur

Lower Kinnaur comprise of areas between  chora residing at the boundary of the Kinnaur with Rampur, Bushar and  Kalpa including Nichar and Sangla valleys. The people of lower Kinnaur are primarly mediterranean physical type. The religion dominates most of these regions is Hinduisem but there are also some Buddiesem followers.


Middle Kinnaur

This region includes the area between Kalpa and Kanam plus Moorang tehsil. This region also includes Mediterranean people but other parts of region has people with mongolian features. Religions which are practiced here consists Hinduism and Buddhism, although, most people respects both religions due to their similarities to each other.


The north-eastren part of the district

This area have Poah and Hamgrang valley. At the north corner of the upper part of Kinnaur touches Tibet. This area also comprises of both mongolian and Mediterranean featured people.Now, as far as occupation goes there are mostly two broad groups of artisans and peasants. The cast segments have kanets or rajputs and schedule casts. Further kenets are divided into three grades and seventeen sub-casts.On the other hand schedule-casts includes chamangs and damangs. The wove clothes making class is chamangs and damangs works primary as blacksmiths. There is a third class also known as ores who mostly work as carpenters.


Now we can talk about the day to day practices of Kinnaur culture.


Clothes: Most clothes are woollen as it suites the cold climate of this area. Main dress codes of Kinnaur are chann-kurti, and dohru. Most clothes are beautifully crafted and coloured in bright colours, however, these are traditional clothes and as the time has changed so does the preference of people, newer clothing styles and practices are also finding their place among the people of the region.
Food and lifestyle of Kinnaur: With rich traditional heritage comes the rich food and lifestyle practices. Kinnaur people injoys mostly winter oriented food cousins. Local people grow crops and vegetables. Major crops include wheat, rice, maize and barley as local crops. In the section of vegetables cabbage, turnips, peas, beans, potato, ladyfinger, pumpkin, tomato and green vegetable leaves. Green tea and alcohol based drinks are also. enjoyed from time to time. On the non vegetarian side there is ram and goat meat on the top in the menu.
Houses: When it comes to construction style and such in Kinnaur, lower Kinnaur villages have different house structures than upper Kinnaur villages, but most houses have two stories with rooftops and ethics. Houses are constructed with stones and covered with soil because of cold temperature. The doors and windows are small and damped. People are mostly artisans and farmers in Kinnaur. In terms of connectivity small link roads are there to join small villages and towns.
 Kinnaur is rich in its culture and is one of the last places that are still embedded in their old cultural roots. Take this opportunity to get a look into some the original cultural practices of India’s Himalayan region before they vanish once and for all.